Laptops or notebooks began more than 35 years of domestic offices and workrooms displace desktop PCs. With the rapid development of technology also came the need for more frequent replacement.
While in 1997 the average lifespan of a laptop in developed countries was about six years, in 2005 it was only two years old. Thanks to increasing quantities of waste from electrical equipment, which is not always used. Most of the components while the material can be recycled.
The first attempts to create a laptop started in the 70s of the 20th century. The current laptops, whose weight may get under one kilogram, but was still a long way to go. The first commercially successful forerunner of today's notebook was titled Osborne1 and weighed about ten kilograms. The market came in 1981, but developers had to laptops to work on. The late 80s of the 20th century, there appeared the first computers like those of today.
Rapid development of technology brings with it more frequent replacement notebooks. According to experts, the exchange of old computers with new ones we run every two to three years. One consequence of the increased availability and shorter useful life of laptops is an increase in the amount of e-waste, which must be environmentally friendly process. "Since 2006, rising in the Czech Republic amounts retroactively selected phones. In 2006 it was 21,138 tons. By 2014, the amount of re-sorted waste has more than doubled in 2014, we collected more than 55,000 tons of waste from electrical and electronic equipment, "said David Vandrovec, Director of REMA, which is engaged in taking back old electrical appliances and batteries.
Up to fifty million tons of electronic waste is discarded every year worldwide. Just over 12 percent are actually recycles. Electronics for contains copper, silver, gold or palladium, for metals, which can be further used without any problems. Metals is using do not lose their quality. "Thanks to modern technology you can get in the recycling of e-waste to 95% metal back," said Vandrovec. When metal recycling even save a lot of energy that would otherwise be required to consume during the primary acquisition. "For example, recycling aluminum can save up to 95% less energy than obtaining aluminum from ore," said Vandrovec.
The Czech Republic is back taken from electrical equipment and electrical handled in several ways. The device can utilize again, breaking down materials and material recycling or energy recovery. The ideal and the most environmentally friendly way, of course, represents the re-utilization and recycling. Separation of electrical waste in the Czech Republic has been operating since 2005. The information technology and telecommunication equipment, which also includes laptops, account for about 15% of collected equipment. In this category are also the most waste exploits in the context of reuse or recycling.
"People often do not realize that some components of computers and other electronics may be toxic waste, in the case of improper handling. Therefore it is very important to be ecologically disposed. Now take back the device is the only solution to get rid of old appliances sparingly. Good practice examples of the use of electrical equipment as the project Green Company. All households then recommend either lazy project, through which ensures effective recycling, including complimentary transportation directly from households, "said Vandrovec.
Source: tz, editorially modified
The author Notebooks celebrates 35 years of their shorter life span increases the amount of Electro: převzatý článek